Benefits of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Explore the many ways that international investors contribute to the U.S. economy

Foreign direct investment (FDI) plays an essential role in ensuring U.S. economic growth and prosperity, creating highly-compensated jobs, spurring innovation, and driving exports.


US$4.3 trillion
Total FDI stock in the United States in 2018 (cumulative FDI snapshot taken at year-end)

US$253.6 billion
Total FDI flows in the United States in 2018 (FDI measured over a specific period of time)


US$62.6 billion
Research and development spending in a single year (2017) by U.S. affiliates of majority foreign-owned firms

Percentage of U.S. utility patents filed from foreign sources in 2016


7.4 million
U.S. workers employed by U.S. affiliates of foreign-owned firms

2.5 million
Number of U.S. workers employed in manufacturing jobs with foreign-owned firms

5.9 million**
Additional jobs attributable to sourcing, increased incomes, productivity gains, and other economic effects of foreign-owned firms in 2013

Average yearly compensation of U.S. workers at foreign-owned firms in 2016

U.S. Exports

US$382.7 billion
U.S. goods exports by majority foreign-owned firms – nearly a quarter of all U.S. goods exports

U.S. Taxes

Portion of U.S. federal corporate income taxes paid by foreign-owned companies in 2013.

All numbers are official 2017 data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis unless otherwise indicated.  
* Data provided by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
** Data provided by the International Trade Administration

*** Data provided by the Internal Revenue Service