Financial Services Spotlight
The Financial Services Industry in the United States
Financial markets in the United States are the largest and most liquid in the world. In 2018, finance and insurance represented 7.4 percent (or $1.5 trillion) of U.S. gross domestic product. Leadership in this large, high-growth sector translates into substantial economic activity and direct and indirect job creation in the United States.
Financial services and products help facilitate and finance the export of U.S. manufactured goods and agricultural products. In 2017, the United States exported $114.5 billion in financial services and insurance and had a $40.8 billion surplus in financial services and insurance trade (excluding re-insurance, the financial services and insurance sectors had a surplus of $69.6 billion). The financial services and insurance sectors employed more than 6.3 million people at the end of 2018.
Investment in the U.S. financial services industry offers significant advantages for financial firms. As of 2018, at least 28 financial services companies out of all companies in Fortune's Global 500 listing have chosen to locate their headquarters in the United States to take advantage of its creative, competitive, and comprehensive financial services sector. The industry offers the greatest array of financial instruments and products to allow consumers to manage risk, create wealth, and meet financial needs.
Asset Management: The U.S. asset management subsector is unrivaled in its depth and diversity. U.S. asset managers are currently meeting the pension management needs of over 60 percent of the global retirement market. Total U.S. retirement assets were approximately $28.2 trillion at the end of 2017. Moreover, if insurance assets and mutual funds are included, U.S. asset managers held nearly $51 trillion of long-term conventional assets under management in 2016 (more than 47 percent of the global total for these funds).
Insurance: In 2016, the insurance industry’s net premiums written totaled $1.1 trillion. According to NAIC data, premiums recorded by life and health insurers accounted for nearly 53 percent, and premiums by property and casualty insurers accounted for 47 percent. Additionally, about one-third of all reinsurance sold worldwide is bought by U.S. firms. International insurance companies are actively seeking business partnerships and collaborations with U.S. insurance companies.
Venture Capital: The United States is the birthplace of the global venture capital (VC) industry, and it continues to support many of our most innovative companies. In 2017, $84 billion was invested in the U.S. VC industry across more than 8,000 different deals (Pitchbook), the highest amount since the early 2000s and a 16 percent increase from 2016. VC-backed companies employ 38 percent of the U.S. workforce of public American companies, and account for 82 percent of private sector research and development. These companies have historically generated revenue equal to 21 percent of U.S. GDP. (Stanford University and NVCA)
Private Equity: U.S. private equity firms invested more than $500 billion in U.S.-based companies in 2017. The private equity industry in the United States comprises nearly 4,700 investment firms, operating U.S.-based businesses in all 50 states. The industry owns over 30,000 private U.S. companies. These U.S. companies backed by U.S. private equity firms employ 11.3 million people in the United States and 19.6 million people worldwide. In 2017, business services and consumer-related businesses attracted the majority of U.S. private equity investment. (AIC)
Financial Services Industry Associations
Alliance of American Insurers
American Bankers Association
American Benefits Council
American Council of Life Insurers
American Countertrade Association
American Insurance Association
Emerging Markets Private Equity Association
Equipment Leasing and Finance Association
Finance, Credit & International Business
Investment Company Institute
Latin American Venture Capital Association
Mortgage Bankers Association
National Association of Insurance Commissioners
National Venture Capital Association
Property Casualty Insurers Association of America
Reinsurance Association of America
Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
Small Business Investor Alliance