Reports and Publications

Gain insight from our collection of business investment reports

Reports from SelectUSA

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Although foreign direct investment (FDI) and small businesses are both integral to the U.S. economy, little formal research exists on FDI from small businesses. This report fills this research gap by exploring the experiences of small foreign-owned firms operating in the United States, as well as the considerable economic impact of these firms on the U.S. economy.

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Innovation in manufacturing, such as automation, is key to industry global competitiveness. Global multinational companies have consistently selected the United States as a destination for their manufacturing operations. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in manufacturing in the United States represents 40.1 percent of all FDI in the United States, and automation plays a key role in attracting that investment and creating jobs.


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This report uses qualitative analysis to explore the experiences of six companies that chose to reinvest in the United States. It also illuminates lessons learned by each company to serve as examples for other investors considering U.S. reinvestment as well as policymakers who seek to support reshoring and investment expansion in the United States rather than other markets.

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This report highlights the positive impact of FDI in rural areas of the United States. While FDI in rural areas is a small subset of all FDI entering the country, it has a larger impact on rural communities than urban areas. Since 2003, FDI has created more than 93,000 U.S. jobs in non-metro areas.

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This brief highlights the important role foreign direct investment (FDI) plays in the $5.8-trillion U.S. manufacturing industry, exploring trends, sources of FDI, components of the sector, the impact of FDI, and the reasons why the industry is attractive to global investors.

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This report highlights the role FDI plays in high-tech industries in the United States. These industries advance innovation, employ millions of highly skilled and highly educated workers, further U.S. competitiveness, and contribute to greater prosperity across the country.

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This report employs qualitative analysis to explore the experiences of five small foreign-owned companies that recently invested in the United States. It highlights the advantages and barriers to investing in the United States as a small business, compiling the key trends and lessons learned by each company.


Reports from the U.S. Department of Commerce

FDI in the United States: 2016 Update

FDI in the United States - OCE

Economic & Statistics Administration  |  U.S. Department of Commerce (October 2017)

This report, which updates a report released in 2013, examines recent trends in FDI and highlights newly released “greenfield” FDI data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Foreign direct investment trends identified in earlier reports have continued to 2016.

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Jobs Attributable to FDI in the U.S.

Industry and Analysis report on U.S. jobs attributable to FDI

International Trade Administration's Office of Industry and Analysis  |  U.S. Department of Commerce (February 2016)

This report highlights the importance of FDI to U.S. jobs, including the number of jobs that are directly supported by foreign investment.

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Additional FDI Reports

FDI Confidence Index

A.T. Kearney Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index 2019

A.T. Kearney Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index (April 2021)

For the ninth year in a row, the United States topped the A.T. Kearney FDI Index. 

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Global FDI Flows

UNCTAD - Global Investment Trends Monitor 2019

Global Investment Trends Monitor (January 2019)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) report highlights trends in global FDI flows. The latest report, released in January 2019, shows that global flows dropped for the third consecutive year. Despite the drop, the United States remained the top destination for FDI flows with $226 billion (representing nearly a fifth of total global FDI flows). UNCTAD notes that while flows are as low as they were after the global financial crisis, a rebound is expected in 2019.

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Thrive: How International Companies Are Strengthening U.S. Communities

Organization for International Investment (OFII) (2019)

This report from OFII explores the positive impact of FDI on the U.S. labor force and how it leads to job growth. The report includes case studies and state-level analysis on FDI in the United States.

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Business and Investment Climate in the United States

Confederation of Indian Industry report on FDI (March 2015)

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) (March 2015)

Geared toward Indian business investors, this report from CII delves into the benefits of investing in the United States at the state/territory level.

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FDI in U.S. Metro Areas

Brookings report on FDI in Metro Areas

Brookings Institution (2014)

This Brookings report analyses how FDI affects major metropolitan areas in the United States.

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Other Reports

Global Cities 2019

A.T. Kearney 2019 Global Cities Report (cover)

A.T. Kearney

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Global Competitiveness Report (2019)

The Global Competitiveness Report 2019 - World Economic Forum

World Economic Forum

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Global Entrepreneurship Index (2018)
Global Entrepreneurship Index 2018
Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute


Science and Engineering Indicators 2018

National Science Foundation's 2018 Science & Engineering Indicators (cover)
National Science Board - National Science Foundation

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2016 Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index

Deloitte: 2016 Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index


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Next-shoring: a CEO’s Guide (January 2014)

Snapshot of the report

​McKinsey & Co.