Travel, Tourism & Hospitality Spotlight
The Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Industry in the United States
The U.S. travel and tourism industry generated over $1.5 trillion in economic output in 2016, supporting 7.6 million U.S. jobs. Travel and tourism exports accounted for 11 percent of all U.S. exports and a third (33 percent) of all U.S. services exports, positioning travel and tourism as the nation's largest services export. One out of every 18 Americans is employed, either directly or indirectly, in a travel or tourism-related industry. In 2016, U.S. travel and tourism output represented 2.7 percent of gross domestic product.
While the majority of activity in the industry is domestic, expenditures by international visitors in the United States totaled $244.7 billion in 2016, yielding an $83.9 billion trade surplus for the year. According to Department of Commerce projections, international travel to the United States should grow by 2.7 percent annually through 2022. The United States leads the world in international travel and tourism exports and ranks second in terms of total visitation.
Accommodations: This subsector is the largest of the three (in terms of total output) and accounts for over 19 percent of total travel and tourism-related spending. In 2016 travelers spent more than $293 billion on traveler accommodations. This sector supports more than 3.4 million U.S. jobs.
Air Travel: This subsector is the second-largest and accounts for nearly 17 percent of total travel and tourism-related spending. In 2016, travelers spent nearly $265 billion on passenger air transportation services. Air transportation services support nearly 900,000 U.S. jobs.
Food Services: This subsector is the third largest and accounts for more than 15 percent of travel and tourism-related spending. Travelers spent $227 billion on food services in 2016, supporting almost 2 million U.S. jobs.
Federal Programs & Legislation
Travel Promotion, Enhancement, and Modernization Act of 2014 (HR 4450): This Act reauthorized the Travel Promotion Act of 2009 through September 30, 2020, and amended other requirements contained within the Act, most of which deal with administrative changes to process and procedures between the Department of Commerce and the Corporation for Travel Promotion (Brand USA). The Travel Promotion Fund cap remains set at $100 million in federal matching funds, though the ratio was shifted to require a minimum of 30 percent match in cash contributions and the balance in in-kind contributions by the private sector. Brand USA is actively working in more than 30 markets around the globe with fully activated marketing and promotion campaigns aimed at increasing international travel to the United States.
Travel, Tourism & Hospitality Industry Associations
American Hotel & Lodging Association
Global Business Travel Association
International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions
International Inbound Travel Association
National Restaurant Association
National Tour Association
U.S. Travel Association
Auto Rental News
Travel News Brief